Rita De Brito Gião Hanek is a lawyer and legal consultant working with governmental and nongovernmental organizations on public law, public international law and international human rights law projects and is also co-author of the Report on Portugal on this website Parliamentary approval of financial assistance provided under the ESM is not required in Portugal. […]Read More..
News & Comments
We welcome short entries about relevant European or national developments for this News and Comments section. You are invited to use the contact form for this or to directly contact Thomas Beukers (email@example.com) or Viorica Vita (firstname.lastname@example.org).
16 July 2015: Dutch Parliament debates start of negotiations on ESM assistance Greece – no vote requiredJuly 17, 2015
See the relevant section in the Report on The Netherlands by Jotte Mulder for further information on parliamentary involvement in the ESM in The Netherlands.Read More..
On 17 June the Board of Directors of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) authorised the second tranche of €10.3 billion of ESM financial assistance to Greece. It also authorised the first disbursement of this second tranche of €7.5 billion to Greece. Greece will use the €7.5 billion to meet debt servicing obligations and to help […]Read More..
Latvians do not trust Greeks or how Latvia approved the Third Greek Bailout: Parliamentary involvement – by Zane RasnačaDecember 5, 2015
Zane Rasnača is PhD Researcher in Law at the European University Institute and author of the ‘Report on Latvia’ on this website. The tumultuous road towards Latvian support for the Third Greek Bailout was marked by strong scepticism from both politicians and the general public. Already in late 2013 when Latvia was in the process […]Read More..
See the relevant section in the Report on Finland by Päivi Leino-Sandberg & Janne Salminen for further information on parliamentary involvement in the ESM in Finland.Read More..
At its Annual Meeting on 16 June, the ESM Board of Governors has decided to mandate the ESM with an evaluation of closed EFSF and ESM financial assistance programmes. The mandate includes a study and comparison of all completed programmes rather than being a country-by-country analysis. An evaluation team is tasked that will have appropriate […]Read More..
The Board of Directors of the ESM has decided to release €2.72 billion to Greece to recapitalise Piraeus Bank. The decision came after approval by the European Commission of additional state aid based on the bank’s amended restructuring plan.Read More..
See for more information our more recent analysis by Diane Fromage. See also the relevant section in the Report on France by Robin Gadbled and Diane Fromage for further information on parliamentary involvement in the ESM in France.Read More..
10 October: Eurogroup clears way for partial approval of disbursement to Greece by the ESM Board of DirectorsOctober 10, 2016
The Eurogroup adopted the following statement on the first review of the Greek ESM Programme: "The Eurogroup welcomes the implementation by the Greek authorities of the set of 15 milestones in the context of the first review of the ESM programme. The Eurogroup commends the Greek authorities for adopting the necessary further measures to reform […]Read More..
Today the Board of Directors of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) authorised the disbursement of €2 billion to Greece, following, following the Greek government’s completion of the first set of milestones and a positive statement by the Eurogroup: "The Eurogroup welcomes the completion by the Greek authorities of the first set of milestones and the […]Read More..
20 September: ECJ judgments on the liability of EU institutions within the ESM and the legal nature of the Eurogroup (Ledra Advertising and Mallis Case)September 20, 2016
Both cases were started by a number of Cypriot account holders that suffered losses from the bank restructuring that followed from the Cypriot request for financial assistance from the ESM. In the Ledra Advertising case, the Grand Chamber of the Court established that the Commission and ECB can be liable for their actions under the […]Read More..
Read the statement by the European Commission, ECB and IMF: Staff teams from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the European Commission (EC), in liaison with the European Central Bank (ECB), visited Nicosia during November 3-13 to review Cyprus’s economic reform programme. Cyprus’s programme, which is supported by financial assistance from the European Stability Mechanism […]Read More..
20150712-eurosummit-statement-greece Part of the statement reads: "Given the need to rebuild trust with Greece, the Euro Summit welcomes the commitments of the Greek authorities to legislate without delay a first set of measures. These measures, taken in full prior agreement with the Institutions, will include: (by 15 July) (…) full implementation of the relevant provisions […]Read More..
After Greece adopted its 2017 budget with a tight 152-146 majority on Saturday 10 December, including a total of 617 million to around 1.6 million low-income pensioners, the Eurogroup has circulated a statement concluding that the necessary unanimity for Greek debt relief (see this ESM explainer) is now lacking: "- The institutions have concluded that […]Read More..
The Greek Parliament has approved a set of prior actions, including a home foreclosures bill, part of a deal between Greece on the one hand and the European Commission, ECB, ESM and IMF on the other hand on the measures needed for approval by the eurozone Finance Ministers of a disbursement of € 2 billion. […]Read More..
See below for the text of the formal request: ESM loan request letter 8 July 2015Read More..
The Greek government is reported to have reached a deal with the European Commission, ECB, ESM and IMF on the measures needed for approval by the eurozone Finance Ministers of the disbursement of € 2 billion. Last week the Eurogroup failed to gave a green light to the disbursement. For more details see the news […]Read More..
On 18 June 2015 the Eurogroup issued the attached statement, in which it expressed its satisfaction with the entry into force of the legal framework establishing a new foreclosure procedure and the adoption of a comprehensive reform of corporate and personal insolvency laws.Read More..
No deal was reached (yet) at Monday's Eurogroup on disbursement of a next tranche of € 2 billion to Greece, nor to release the linked € 10 billion reserved for bank recapitalisation, as creditors and Greece disagree on the details of foreclosure legislation (the protection offered to homeowners). See for more detailed news coverage EUObserver […]Read More..
On 24 February 2015 the Finance Ministers of the Euro Area agreed on a 4 month extension of the Greek EFSF Programme (Master Financial Assistance Facility Agreement). National procedures will now start with a view to have a final approval of the extension. See the section of this website on Early Emergency Funding for the […]Read More..
The Greek Parliament on Friday approved new measures ahead of the eurogroup meeting of Monday 9 November which is to decide on a disbursement of 2 billion euro's. For detailed news coverage see the Financial Times and Repubblica.Read More..
Before discussing the Greek reform progress at the Eurogroup meeting of 14 January, President Dijsselbloem commented that Greek Finance Minister "Tsakalotos confirmed to me that the Greek government accepts that the IMF needs to be part of the process". Prime Minister Tsipras has always strongly opposed involvement of the IMF in the third Greek financial […]Read More..
The Greek Parliament on 31 October adopted a bill allowing for the injection of funds into the financial sector. This coincided with the publication by the ECB of stress test results indicating that the 4 biggest Greek banks (National Bank of Greece, Piraeus, Alpha Bank and Eurobank) needed recapitalisation. See for detailed news coverage Reuters […]Read More..
The European Parliament's Conference of Presidents is reported to have made further decisions on the EP's involvement in oversight of the financial assistance programme for Greece. The Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee will be tasked with the oversight, and is to be assisted by a Financial Assistance Working Group (FAWG) comprising 30 MEPs, which will […]Read More..
The approved measures include cutting pensions, raising the retirement age, increasing punishment for tax evasion and liberalising the energy market. They were approved by a majority of 154 out of 300 Members of Parliament. For more details see the reporting by Reuters.Read More..
While the institutions are carrying out the first review mission in the framework of the third financial assistance package to Greece, pension reform plans are among the most controversial issues. Tension is mounting between Greece and the IMF, currently not participating in the programme and only prepared to do so in the presence of credible […]Read More..
Today the German Bundestag voted in favour of the 3rd financial assistance package for Greece, with 453 votes in favour and 113 against (18 abstentions). The German Finance Minister had asked for the formal approval by the Bundestag. This approval is necessary for the German government representative to agree to adoption by the ESM Board […]Read More..
On Monday 22 February Italy presented a government paper on a "Shared European Policy Strategy for Growth, Jobs, and Stability". On the long term EMU the paper states: "To make the monetary union really irreversible we must manage our European common house by adopting a systemic, common vision. A stronger monetary union needs strong common […]Read More..
Update on the Third Greek Aid Package: On 15 July 2015 both French assemblies were called to vote on a governmental declaration concerning the rescue of Greece. Prime Minister Manuel Valls was present in the National assembly whereas his declaration was simultaneously read in the Senate by Foreign Affairs minister Laurent Fabius. Before I analyse here […]Read More..
Is the IMF necessary for the 3rd Greek Program? – by Alexandros Kyriakidis (University of Sheffield)April 20, 2016
Alexandros Kyriakidis is a PhD Candidate at the Department of Politics of the University of Sheffield Tensions have been growing between Greece and the IMF, including a highly controversial Wikileaks leaked conversation between the IMF Mission Chief for Greece and the Head of IMF’s European Department that raised issues at the highest level, with letters […]Read More..
The Greek Parliament is set to vote today on a set of prior actions presented as a condition for endorsement by the Eurogroup on 14 August of the Memorandum of Understanding agreed between the Greek government and the 'Institutions' (IMF/EC/ECB) on 11 August. See also the relevant section in the Report on Greece by Afroditi-Ioanna […]Read More..
A team from the European Commission, in liaison with staff from the European Central Bank (ECB), carried out the fifth post-programme surveillance visit to Spain on 11-13 April 2016. The European Stability Mechanism (ESM) participated in the meetings on aspects relating to its early warning system. The mission was limited in scope, and mainly focused […]Read More..
In its press release the ESM announced: "The Board of Directors of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) today authorised the disbursement of €1 billion to Greece. This disbursement, which follows the Greek government’s completion of the second set of reform milestones, will be used by the government for debt service, budget financing, and co-financing projects […]Read More..
Reforms include a new Law on the recovery and resolution of credit institutions and investment firms, that implements Directive 2014/59/EU. See this opinion of the ECB of July 20 on the Greek draft law. The reforms also include a Code of Civil Procedure. The laws were voted by 230 out of 300 MPs, with 63 […]Read More..
In an attempt to secure IMF participation in the 3rd Greek assistance programme, the Eurogroup of Monday 9 May agreed that: "In line with the statements of the Euro Summit and the Eurogroup in the summer of 2015, the Eurogroup stands ready to consider, if necessary, possible additional debt measures aiming at ensuring that Greece's […]Read More..
Malte Kröger (email@example.com) is currently legal trainee (Referendar) at the Higher Regional Court of Hamburg and a PhD-candidate at the Albrecht Mendelssohn Bartholdy Graduate School of Law at Hamburg’s Law Faculty. Malte is the author of the Report on Luxembourg and the Report on Malta on this website, and is currently also completing the Report […]Read More..
See the relevant section in the Report on Germany by Sabine Mair for further information on parliamentary involvement in the ESM in Germany.Read More..
On Monday 23 May, one day before a Eurogroup meeting devoted to Greece, IMF staff has published a report with a critical preliminary debt sustainability analysis of Greece. The report was distributed to the IMF Executive Board in the morning, but – the report explicitly mentioned – was neither discussed nor approved by the same […]Read More..