Croatia

III - Changes to Constitutional Law

Nature national instruments   
III.1
What is the character of the legal instruments adopted at national level to implement Euro-crisis law (constitutional amendment, organic laws, ordinary legislation, etc)?

Croatia has only adopted the Croatian Law on Fiscal Responsibility adopted in 2010 which entered into force on 1 January 2011, which is an ordinary law, i.e. it does not have legal strength of the Constitution or a constitutional law.[1]

Constitutional amendment
III.2    
Have there been any constitutional amendments in response to the Euro-crisis or related to Euro-crisis law? Or have any amendments been proposed?

No, there have not been any. The last changes of Croatian Constitution took place in 2010 when certain provisions of the Croatian Constitution were amended as part of the European integration process of Croatia into the European Union, but none of these amendments was Euro-crisis related.[2]

Constitutional context    
III.3
If national constitutional law already contained relevant elements, such as a balanced budget rule or independent budgetary councils, before the crisis that are now part of Euro-crisis law, what is the background of these rules?

No rules of that kind in Croatian Law.

Purpose constitutional amendment 
III.4
What is the purpose of the constitutional amendment and what is its position in the constitution?

Not applicable.

Relationship with EU law 
III.5
Is the constitutional amendment seen as changing the relationship between national and European constitutional law?

Not applicable.          

Organic law
III.6
Have there been changes to organic laws or other types of legislation that are of a different nature or level than ordinary legislation, in relation to Euro-crisis law or the budgetary process?

No, there have not been changes or adoption of any kind of organic laws or other types of legislation that are of a different nature or level than ordinary legislation, in relation to Euro-crisis law or the budgetary process.

Constitutional amendment and ordinary law      
III.7
If ordinary legislation was adopted in conjunction with a constitutional amendment, what is the relationship between the two?

Not applicable.

Perception source of legal change 
III.8
In the public and political discussions on the adoption of ordinary legislation, what was the perception on the appropriate legal framework? Was the ordinary legislation seen as implementing national constitutional law, or Euro-crisis law?


Not applicable.

Miscellaneous
III.9
What other information is relevant with regard to Croatia and to changes to national (constitutional) law?

Not applicable.


[1]  Official Gazette of Croatia No 139/2010

[2]  Official Gazette of Croatia No 76/2010 and No 85/2010