A number of member states have received direct financial assistance through balance of payments support (Hungary, Rumania, Latvia), bilateral agreements/IMF (Greece), the temporary emergency funds/IMF (Ireland, Portugal, Greece), and the permanent emergency fund (Spain and Cyprus).
Several member states have (also) indirectly benefited through the Securities Markets Programme (SMP) created in May 2010, a bond-buying programme of the European Central Bank that was replaced in September 2012 by the Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT) programme (Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Italy, Spain).
If relevant, describe the political, economic and legal situation leading up to the moment of the formal request of direct financial assistance.
Describe the public and political debate during the negotiations on the financial assistance instruments, notably the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and Financial Assistance Facility Agreement, in particular in relation to the implications for (budgetary) sovereignty, constitutional law, socio-economic fundamental rights, and the budgetary process.
What is the status of the financial assistance instruments in the national legal order (political agreement, international treaty, etc.)?
Transposition national legal order
Considering the status of the financial assistance instruments, what procedure does the constitution prescribe for their adoption/transposition into the national legal order?
What is the actual role of Parliament with regard to the adoption/transposition into the national legal order of the financial assistance instruments?
Describe the relevant content of the financial assistance instruments.
What legal changes, if any, had to be made to accommodate ‘troika’ review missions, post-programme surveillance missions, etc?
Case law international instruments
Have there been direct or indirect legal challenges against the financial assistance instruments before a national (constitutional) court?
Case law implementing measures
Is there a (constitutional) court judgment on national policy measures adopted in relation to the Memoranda of Understanding?
Bond purchases ECB
Describe the political, economic and legal situation leading up to the moment where the European Central Banks started buying government bonds on the secondary market (through the Securities Markets Programme, SMP).
Conditionality bond purchases ECB
What national policy measures have been requested by the ECB in exchange for the acquisition of government bonds on the secondary market? How have these requests been subject to debate in light of their implications for (budgetary) sovereignty, constitutional law and the budgetary process?
What other information is relevant with regard to Luxembourg and financial support?